John F. Roland
Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1832, to July 1, 1836, when he was
graduated and promoted in the Army to
Bvt. Second Lieut., 2d
Artillery, July 1, 1836.
Served: in the
Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836-38,
(Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 4, 1836)
being engaged in the Battle
of Wahoo Swamp, Nov. 21, 1836; in the Cherokee Nation, 1838, while
transferring the Indians to the West; on
(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 7, 1838)
the Northern Frontier at
Buffalo, N. Y., 1838-40, 1841, during Canada Border Disturbances; on
Recruiting service, 1840-41; in garrison at ft. Monroe, Va., 1841-42; on
Recruiting service, 1842; in command of Music Boys at Ft. Columbus, N. Y.,
1842-44, and of Recruiting Deport, 1844; in garrison at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y.
1844-45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845-46; in the War with Mexico,
1846-47, being engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846, -- Battle of
(Bvt. Captain, May 9, 1846,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct
in the Battles of Palo Alto
and Resaca-de-la-Palma, Tex.)
May 9, 1846, -- Battle of
Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846; on Recruiting
(Bvt. Major, Sep. 23, 1846, for Gallant and
Meritorious Conduct in the Battle of Monterey, Mex.)
service, 1847; in garrison
at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1847; in the War with Mexico, 1847-48; in garrison
at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1848, -- and Savannah, Ga.,
(Captain, 2d Artillery, Mar. 3, 1847)
1848-49; in Florida
Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 1849-50; and in garrison at Ft.
Moultrie, S. C., 1850-52, and Castle Pinchney, S. C., 1852.
Died, Sep. 28, 1852, at
Castle Pinchney, S. C.: Aged 35.